Low Indices of Overweight and Obesity are Associated with Cardiometabolic Diseases among Adult Filipinos in a Rural Community*


  • Daveric Pagsisihan Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Department of Medicine, Philippine General Hospital Taft Avenue, Ermita, Manila, 1000
  • Mark Anthony Sandoval Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Department of Medicine, Philippine General Hospital Taft Avenue, Ermita, Manila, 1000
  • Elizabeth Paz-Pacheco Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Department of Medicine, Philippine General Hospital Taft Avenue, Ermita, Manila, 1000 http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0232-890X
  • Cecilia Jimeno Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Department of Medicine, Philippine General Hospital Taft Avenue, Ermita, Manila, 1000 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7658-0123


overweight, obesity, metabolic diseases, Filipinos


*Visual Abstracts prepared by Dr. Francis Xavier Mislang

Objectives. To determine cut-off levels of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) for overweight/obesity associated with cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) among adult Filipinos in a rural community.

Methodology. This community-based cross-sectional observational study utilized data from our Phase II of Diabetes Self-Management Education Program in San Juan, Batangas, Philippines. It included 332 Filipino adults with no known illnesses and residing for at least 6 months in the rural communities. Optimal cut-offs were determined by the intersection of sensitivity and specificity curves of having at least 1 or 2 CMDs.

Results. The study population included 332 participants (72.3% females). Mean BMI, WC and WHR were 23.5 kg/m2, 79.5 cm and 0.87 respectively. Twenty eight percent, 11.1%, 78.3% and 85.8% of the participants have hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and at least 1 CMD respectively. The optimal cut-off for overweight/obesity and central obesity in males and females are BMI of 24 and 23 kg/m2, WC of 84 and 77 cm, and WHR 0.91 and 0.85 respectively.

Conclusion. Similar to other Asian countries, cut-off levels for overweight, obesity, and central obesity associated with CMDs are lower than the currently recommended cut-offs among Filipino adults in rural communities, particularly for WC in both sexes.


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How to Cite

Pagsisihan, D., Sandoval, M. A., Paz-Pacheco, E., & Jimeno, C. (2016). Low Indices of Overweight and Obesity are Associated with Cardiometabolic Diseases among Adult Filipinos in a Rural Community*. Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies, 31(2), 97. Retrieved from https://asean-endocrinejournal.org/index.php/JAFES/article/view/357



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