Low Indices of Overweight and Obesity are Associated with Cardiometabolic Diseases among Adult Filipinos in a Rural Community*
Keywords:overweight, obesity, metabolic diseases, Filipinos
Abstract*Visual Abstracts prepared by Dr. Francis Xavier Mislang
Objectives. To determine cut-off levels of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) for overweight/obesity associated with cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) among adult Filipinos in a rural community.
Methodology. This community-based cross-sectional observational study utilized data from our Phase II of Diabetes Self-Management Education Program in San Juan, Batangas, Philippines. It included 332 Filipino adults with no known illnesses and residing for at least 6 months in the rural communities. Optimal cut-offs were determined by the intersection of sensitivity and specificity curves of having at least 1 or 2 CMDs.
Results. The study population included 332 participants (72.3% females). Mean BMI, WC and WHR were 23.5 kg/m2, 79.5 cm and 0.87 respectively. Twenty eight percent, 11.1%, 78.3% and 85.8% of the participants have hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and at least 1 CMD respectively. The optimal cut-off for overweight/obesity and central obesity in males and females are BMI of 24 and 23 kg/m2, WC of 84 and 77 cm, and WHR 0.91 and 0.85 respectively.
Conclusion. Similar to other Asian countries, cut-off levels for overweight, obesity, and central obesity associated with CMDs are lower than the currently recommended cut-offs among Filipino adults in rural communities, particularly for WC in both sexes.
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